Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 218,313
2 China 152,746
3 United Kingdom 65,078
4 Japan 51,648
5 South Korea 41,720
6 Australia 35,808
7 Canada 32,088
8 Thailand 31,851
9 France 31,123
10 Brazil 31,089
11 Turkey 25,391
12 Germany 25,054
13 Italy 22,009
14 Netherlands 21,087
15 Spain 19,326
16 Taiwan 14,844
17 Mexico 13,776
18 India 11,819
19 Switzerland 11,425
20 Belgium 11,320

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach