Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 223,714
2 China 147,698
3 United Kingdom 64,655
4 Japan 48,787
5 South Korea 37,897
6 Thailand 36,411
7 Australia 35,944
8 Brazil 33,805
9 Canada 32,275
10 France 32,227
11 Germany 27,563
12 Turkey 23,713
13 Italy 22,249
14 Netherlands 21,052
15 Spain 19,247
16 Mexico 16,334
17 Taiwan 15,781
18 India 13,764
19 Iran 10,842
20 Belgium 10,604

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach