Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 130,353
2 China 100,457
3 United Kingdom 70,992
4 Australia 38,504
5 Canada 19,055
6 Hong Kong 16,303
7 Turkey 13,706
8 Taiwan 12,782
9 South Korea 12,040
10 New Zealand 10,241
11 Malaysia 9,509
12 Japan 8,487
13 Thailand 6,838
14 Netherlands 5,940
15 Macao 5,368
16 Singapore 5,094
17 Spain 4,860
18 Sweden 4,395
19 Germany 4,267
20 Indonesia 3,427

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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