Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 527,323
2 United Kingdom 164,926
3 China 146,544
4 Canada 98,859
5 Australia 84,467
6 Japan 60,771
7 Germany 60,380
8 Netherlands 46,393
9 Brazil 32,459
10 South Korea 32,027
11 France 31,879
12 Spain 26,619
13 Italy 26,233
14 Switzerland 22,368
15 Mexico 22,114
16 Israel 19,323
17 Turkey 15,210
18 Belgium 13,214
19 Taiwan 13,108
20 Iran 11,055

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach