Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 540,899
2 United Kingdom 155,397
3 China 144,881
4 Canada 96,094
5 Australia 80,974
6 Germany 64,878
7 Japan 60,144
8 Netherlands 46,899
9 Brazil 35,822
10 France 32,729
11 South Korea 31,671
12 Spain 26,159
13 Italy 25,817
14 Mexico 24,743
15 Switzerland 21,805
16 Israel 19,050
17 Taiwan 14,544
18 Turkey 14,302
19 Iran 14,040
20 India 12,684

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach