Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 84,981
2 China 46,242
3 India 35,994
4 United Kingdom 31,036
5 Australia 26,387
6 South Korea 21,169
7 Turkey 20,913
8 Brazil 20,556
9 Colombia 19,446
10 Thailand 17,312
11 Mexico 14,265
12 Spain 12,824
13 Canada 12,236
14 Pakistan 10,534
15 Taiwan 9,423
16 Iran 9,214
17 France 7,829
18 Japan 7,413
19 South Africa 7,378
20 Egypt 6,596

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach