Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 84,939
2 China 41,466
3 United Kingdom 29,617
4 Australia 27,762
5 India 26,472
6 Turkey 20,670
7 South Korea 20,052
8 Colombia 17,359
9 Brazil 16,962
10 Thailand 14,646
11 Mexico 12,329
12 Canada 12,035
13 Spain 10,375
14 Pakistan 8,929
15 Taiwan 7,693
16 Iran 7,691
17 Japan 7,424
18 South Africa 7,407
19 Egypt 6,726
20 France 6,567

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach