Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 343,635
2 United Kingdom 245,838
3 China 217,596
4 Australia 99,926
5 Germany 90,892
6 Netherlands 84,926
7 Taiwan 64,927
8 Canada 63,103
9 South Korea 60,490
10 Sweden 36,216
11 Turkey 34,613
12 Malaysia 32,192
13 Japan 31,595
14 Brazil 29,235
15 Italy 28,237
16 Finland 27,837
17 France 26,446
18 India 25,490
19 Spain 25,297
20 Switzerland 23,888

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach