Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 329,429
2 United Kingdom 222,944
3 China 198,809
4 Australia 90,829
5 Germany 90,384
6 Netherlands 73,855
7 Taiwan 60,195
8 Canada 58,284
9 South Korea 56,073
10 Turkey 33,227
11 Malaysia 33,205
12 Brazil 31,436
13 Sweden 31,362
14 Japan 27,798
15 India 25,676
16 Finland 25,619
17 Italy 23,852
18 France 23,821
19 Spain 23,691
20 Switzerland 20,140

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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