Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 132,313
2 United States 90,159
3 India 21,923
4 Germany 16,839
5 United Kingdom 15,013
6 Japan 10,065
7 Hong Kong 9,700
8 Canada 9,574
9 France 8,920
10 South Korea 8,390
11 Switzerland 6,140
12 Israel 5,851
13 Italy 5,580
14 Taiwan 5,165
15 Australia 4,687
16 Netherlands 4,046
17 Turkey 3,862
18 Spain 3,288
19 Belgium 3,134
20 Brazil 2,678

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach