Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 127,891
2 United States 93,091
3 India 24,425
4 Germany 18,454
5 United Kingdom 16,532
6 Japan 10,158
7 Canada 10,047
8 France 9,337
9 Hong Kong 9,109
10 South Korea 6,617
11 Switzerland 6,185
12 Israel 6,081
13 Italy 5,962
14 Taiwan 5,466
15 Australia 5,076
16 Belgium 4,082
17 Turkey 3,998
18 Netherlands 3,758
19 Brazil 3,496
20 Spain 3,434

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach