Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 180,641
2 China 140,152
3 United States 132,028
4 Australia 47,234
5 Germany 40,527
6 Malaysia 39,804
7 Indonesia 34,855
8 Netherlands 31,456
9 India 29,324
10 Turkey 26,048
11 Taiwan 22,961
12 Canada 20,465
13 France 18,473
14 South Africa 15,220
15 Russia 15,198
16 Brazil 14,575
17 Italy 13,300
18 Pakistan 11,444
19 Sweden 11,440
20 Japan 11,377

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach