Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 105,304
2 United Kingdom 71,283
3 United States 54,028
4 Malaysia 25,462
5 Australia 24,387
6 Indonesia 20,649
7 Germany 20,625
8 Taiwan 18,587
9 Turkey 15,190
10 India 13,674
11 Canada 11,030
12 Netherlands 10,327
13 South Korea 8,822
14 South Africa 8,391
15 Thailand 8,381
16 Japan 8,319
17 France 7,915
18 Pakistan 7,162
19 Iran 6,711
20 Russia 6,519

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach