Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 194,481
2 United Kingdom 102,337
3 United States 74,220
4 Australia 33,806
5 Malaysia 28,257
6 Indonesia 27,444
7 Turkey 23,547
8 Taiwan 22,441
9 Germany 18,990
10 India 17,418
11 Canada 16,991
12 Netherlands 15,183
13 South Korea 14,942
14 Japan 11,671
15 South Africa 10,870
16 France 10,827
17 Brazil 9,757
18 Thailand 9,507
19 Italy 9,491
20 Russia 8,621

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach