Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 103,099
2 Australia 32,876
3 United Kingdom 32,175
4 Canada 13,202
5 China 13,043
6 Turkey 7,607
7 Sweden 7,260
8 Netherlands 4,961
9 Thailand 4,567
10 Italy 3,886
11 Ireland 3,791
12 Brazil 3,752
13 South Korea 3,710
14 Taiwan 3,633
15 Hong Kong 3,118
16 New Zealand 2,805
17 Spain 2,737
18 Iran 2,470
19 Japan 2,271
20 Denmark 2,134

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach