Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 96,700
2 China 39,901
3 United States 26,759
4 Australia 26,126
5 Indonesia 25,316
6 Netherlands 15,181
7 Malaysia 13,892
8 Germany 12,987
9 Sweden 8,836
10 Egypt 8,217
11 Brazil 6,528
12 Turkey 6,452
13 Portugal 6,439
14 Taiwan 5,931
15 India 5,784
16 Italy 5,568
17 Finland 5,547
18 New Zealand 5,527
19 South Africa 5,102
20 Greece 4,650

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach