Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 290,307
2 China 245,662
3 United Kingdom 160,729
4 Australia 79,769
5 Canada 51,056
6 Hong Kong 43,082
7 South Korea 31,080
8 Japan 27,737
9 Turkey 26,043
10 Taiwan 24,648
11 New Zealand 22,465
12 Malaysia 18,737
13 Thailand 17,190
14 Netherlands 14,542
15 Spain 13,907
16 Sweden 11,991
17 Singapore 10,421
18 Germany 9,592
19 Macao 8,112
20 Iran 7,484

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach