Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 303,640
2 China 225,423
3 United Kingdom 162,611
4 Australia 78,998
5 Canada 50,725
6 Hong Kong 40,041
7 South Korea 30,447
8 Taiwan 27,298
9 Turkey 25,795
10 Japan 25,104
11 New Zealand 24,148
12 Thailand 22,406
13 Malaysia 20,425
14 Netherlands 14,309
15 Spain 13,036
16 Singapore 12,362
17 Sweden 11,033
18 Iran 10,384
19 Germany 10,099
20 South Africa 8,868

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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