Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 590,891
2 United Kingdom 386,115
3 Australia 154,059
4 China 128,590
5 Canada 121,525
6 Netherlands 90,328
7 Germany 87,982
8 Japan 69,404
9 Italy 54,064
10 France 48,931
11 Switzerland 35,132
12 Israel 31,710
13 Turkey 27,184
14 South Korea 26,907
15 Spain 26,208
16 New Zealand 25,386
17 Denmark 23,750
18 Belgium 23,697
19 Sweden 21,203
20 Taiwan 16,323

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach