Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 131,384
2 China 50,466
3 United Kingdom 41,511
4 Australia 21,623
5 Japan 18,918
6 Canada 18,202
7 Italy 17,802
8 Netherlands 17,247
9 Germany 15,380
10 South Korea 14,352
11 Taiwan 10,250
12 Spain 9,854
13 India 9,630
14 France 9,421
15 Switzerland 8,123
16 Turkey 8,101
17 Belgium 7,635
18 Brazil 7,115
19 Norway 4,139
20 Hong Kong 3,859

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach