Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 341,046
2 India 91,599
3 United States 84,158
4 United Kingdom 30,221
5 South Korea 28,982
6 Turkey 26,119
7 Taiwan 21,637
8 Australia 17,278
9 Germany 16,611
10 France 16,348
11 Canada 15,855
12 Brazil 14,556
13 Japan 12,027
14 Malaysia 11,427
15 Italy 9,974
16 Spain 8,032
17 Mexico 7,041
18 Iran 6,818
19 Indonesia 6,638
20 Thailand 6,425

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach