Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 389,990
2 United States 87,562
3 India 84,289
4 United Kingdom 32,604
5 South Korea 30,265
6 Turkey 27,666
7 Taiwan 19,873
8 Germany 18,165
9 Australia 17,711
10 Canada 16,717
11 France 15,186
12 Brazil 14,042
13 Japan 12,846
14 Italy 10,460
15 Malaysia 10,100
16 Spain 8,340
17 Netherlands 7,166
18 Switzerland 6,439
19 Thailand 6,155
20 Russia 6,119

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach