Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 119,449
2 China 81,022
3 United Kingdom 67,076
4 Australia 23,594
5 Netherlands 16,402
6 Canada 15,797
7 Malaysia 14,804
8 Germany 12,525
9 South Korea 9,825
10 Hong Kong 8,384
11 Taiwan 8,100
12 Singapore 7,276
13 Sweden 6,761
14 Turkey 6,677
15 France 6,444
16 Japan 6,194
17 Indonesia 6,076
18 Belgium 4,997
19 Finland 4,799
20 New Zealand 4,600

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach