Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 754,784
2 South Korea 93,541
3 Japan 83,499
4 China 79,151
5 Taiwan 36,459
6 Germany 28,400
7 Brazil 25,286
8 United Kingdom 21,704
9 Netherlands 20,795
10 Italy 20,304
11 India 19,106
12 Canada 18,602
13 Spain 18,474
14 Australia 16,443
15 France 14,888
16 Switzerland 12,421
17 Thailand 9,152
18 Sweden 8,804
19 Belgium 8,630
20 Hong Kong 8,059

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach