Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 116,586
2 United Kingdom 113,736
3 United States 68,400
4 Australia 45,807
5 Malaysia 37,021
6 Indonesia 30,999
7 India 27,053
8 Japan 20,637
9 Germany 16,271
10 Turkey 15,638
11 Netherlands 15,635
12 Thailand 15,528
13 South Korea 14,151
14 Canada 12,525
15 Pakistan 10,532
16 Taiwan 9,788
17 South Africa 9,690
18 Philippines 8,193
19 France 7,967
20 Hong Kong 7,379

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach