Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,948,927
2 United Kingdom 1,478,638
3 Australia 787,597
4 China 357,455
5 Netherlands 331,836
6 Germany 285,662
7 Canada 251,969
8 South Africa 124,721
9 Sweden 114,219
10 New Zealand 91,788
11 Turkey 90,789
12 Norway 90,404
13 South Korea 90,381
14 Switzerland 86,157
15 Ireland 81,717
16 Hong Kong 69,801
17 Taiwan 69,133
18 Denmark 59,275
19 Malaysia 59,131
20 India 58,848

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach