Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,988,152
2 United Kingdom 1,438,313
3 Australia 775,494
4 China 348,794
5 Netherlands 306,567
6 Germany 295,667
7 Canada 238,640
8 South Africa 130,030
9 Sweden 107,338
10 New Zealand 97,128
11 South Korea 87,097
12 Turkey 86,246
13 Norway 79,147
14 Switzerland 73,288
15 Ireland 71,082
16 Malaysia 65,855
17 Hong Kong 65,260
18 Taiwan 64,931
19 India 58,396
20 Denmark 54,973

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach