Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 482,325
2 China 251,917
3 United Kingdom 155,667
4 Germany 143,565
5 Japan 101,719
6 France 50,955
7 Switzerland 49,232
8 India 45,810
9 Canada 44,922
10 Australia 37,442
11 South Korea 37,208
12 Netherlands 35,669
13 Spain 26,808
14 Italy 24,488
15 Taiwan 23,654
16 Brazil 23,295
17 Israel 21,679
18 Sweden 18,804
19 Poland 13,210
20 Denmark 13,093

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach