Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 461,843
2 China 263,564
3 United Kingdom 153,378
4 Germany 130,191
5 Japan 100,317
6 France 50,188
7 Switzerland 46,257
8 Canada 44,658
9 India 40,817
10 South Korea 39,429
11 Australia 36,963
12 Netherlands 35,096
13 Spain 25,766
14 Italy 24,105
15 Taiwan 23,279
16 Israel 21,824
17 Brazil 20,660
18 Sweden 20,274
19 Denmark 13,147
20 Austria 12,602

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach