Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 47,933
2 China 7,127
3 United Kingdom 6,662
4 Australia 4,188
5 Canada 3,397
6 Egypt 2,645
7 South Korea 2,137
8 Italy 1,586
9 Netherlands 1,398
10 Turkey 1,377
11 France 1,365
12 Germany 1,282
13 Thailand 1,233
14 Spain 1,106
15 Colombia 1,097
16 Japan 1,049
17 Taiwan 1,035
18 Switzerland 867
19 Hong Kong 779
20 Russia 761

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach