Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 56,835
2 China 8,110
3 United Kingdom 6,728
4 Canada 4,757
5 Australia 3,954
6 Egypt 2,710
7 South Korea 1,752
8 Thailand 1,518
9 Italy 1,467
10 Germany 1,408
11 Turkey 1,332
12 France 1,324
13 Colombia 1,313
14 Spain 1,297
15 Netherlands 1,249
16 Taiwan 1,135
17 Hong Kong 921
18 Japan 891
19 Malaysia 864
20 India 828

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach