Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 454,468
2 Australia 204,872
3 United States 126,114
4 China 75,945
5 Indonesia 56,594
6 Sweden 53,246
7 Canada 40,720
8 Germany 36,970
9 Netherlands 36,426
10 Brazil 33,717
11 Malaysia 33,631
12 New Zealand 33,060
13 Italy 25,111
14 France 23,073
15 South Africa 21,958
16 Iran 16,951
17 Turkey 16,864
18 Colombia 15,006
19 Portugal 13,913
20 Finland 13,405

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach