Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 452,111
2 Australia 182,192
3 United States 119,307
4 China 66,809
5 Sweden 50,288
6 Indonesia 49,496
7 Canada 43,103
8 Netherlands 36,405
9 New Zealand 33,591
10 Brazil 32,890
11 Germany 32,267
12 Italy 26,532
13 Malaysia 25,669
14 France 23,991
15 South Africa 21,621
16 Turkey 16,223
17 Colombia 14,682
18 Portugal 14,402
19 Finland 13,883
20 Iran 13,376

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach