Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 449,621
2 Australia 213,973
3 United States 120,660
4 China 78,939
5 Indonesia 64,590
6 Sweden 54,593
7 Canada 40,203
8 Malaysia 39,867
9 Germany 36,789
10 Netherlands 36,302
11 New Zealand 34,670
12 Brazil 32,103
13 Italy 25,212
14 France 23,217
15 South Africa 21,500
16 Turkey 17,590
17 Iran 17,110
18 Portugal 13,506
19 Finland 13,136
20 Colombia 12,867

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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