Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 166,404
2 China 68,643
3 United Kingdom 45,383
4 Germany 29,324
5 Japan 26,932
6 France 25,160
7 South Korea 24,173
8 India 21,205
9 Switzerland 20,533
10 Australia 20,017
11 Canada 19,914
12 Brazil 19,374
13 Thailand 13,815
14 Taiwan 11,454
15 Netherlands 11,256
16 Iran 9,768
17 Italy 9,304
18 Turkey 7,411
19 Denmark 7,200
20 Ireland 6,995

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach