Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 152,122
2 China 63,643
3 United Kingdom 46,008
4 Germany 29,208
5 Japan 28,438
6 South Korea 24,174
7 France 23,853
8 Australia 20,279
9 India 18,242
10 Switzerland 18,165
11 Canada 16,860
12 Brazil 16,615
13 Thailand 11,621
14 Netherlands 11,006
15 Italy 9,256
16 Taiwan 8,858
17 Ireland 8,437
18 Turkey 8,352
19 Iran 7,182
20 Denmark 6,671

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach