Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 167,648
2 China 69,663
3 United Kingdom 43,996
4 Germany 27,580
5 Japan 25,261
6 France 25,083
7 South Korea 23,609
8 India 22,162
9 Brazil 20,995
10 Switzerland 20,455
11 Canada 20,261
12 Australia 19,642
13 Thailand 13,361
14 Taiwan 12,139
15 Netherlands 11,310
16 Italy 9,524
17 Iran 9,169
18 Turkey 8,767
19 Mexico 7,116
20 Denmark 6,617

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach