Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 158,839
2 China 63,985
3 United Kingdom 45,148
4 Germany 29,595
5 Japan 28,448
6 South Korea 25,328
7 France 24,693
8 Australia 20,307
9 Switzerland 19,881
10 India 19,733
11 Canada 18,922
12 Brazil 17,265
13 Thailand 12,592
14 Netherlands 11,243
15 Taiwan 9,871
16 Italy 9,231
17 Iran 8,980
18 Turkey 7,591
19 Ireland 7,438
20 Denmark 7,157

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach