Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 511,564
2 United States 427,892
3 United Kingdom 144,069
4 Japan 68,850
5 Italy 67,834
6 South Korea 63,332
7 Germany 60,100
8 France 45,116
9 Australia 44,826
10 Canada 44,754
11 Taiwan 44,714
12 India 42,546
13 Spain 34,299
14 Turkey 33,937
15 Netherlands 32,826
16 Switzerland 32,480
17 Brazil 28,328
18 Mexico 19,305
19 Sweden 17,568
20 Hong Kong 17,356

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach