Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 400,231
2 China 380,198
3 United Kingdom 126,362
4 Germany 62,617
5 Japan 59,676
6 Italy 59,588
7 South Korea 53,989
8 France 43,302
9 Canada 40,673
10 Taiwan 40,158
11 Australia 38,685
12 India 37,909
13 Switzerland 30,013
14 Netherlands 29,541
15 Spain 29,458
16 Brazil 27,044
17 Turkey 26,500
18 Mexico 19,460
19 Iran 16,823
20 Sweden 15,777

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach