Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 424,381
2 Australia 146,517
3 Netherlands 108,586
4 Sweden 107,196
5 Germany 86,098
6 China 86,011
7 United States 83,543
8 Finland 45,920
9 Brazil 45,306
10 Indonesia 42,835
11 Malaysia 38,254
12 Denmark 36,680
13 Italy 33,158
14 New Zealand 29,641
15 Japan 27,216
16 France 24,590
17 Austria 24,353
18 Canada 21,937
19 South Africa 20,554
20 Norway 19,340

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach