Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 399,634
2 Australia 138,029
3 Netherlands 110,577
4 Sweden 109,965
5 Germany 81,094
6 China 80,212
7 United States 79,536
8 Finland 46,151
9 Brazil 42,940
10 Denmark 37,910
11 Indonesia 37,897
12 Italy 33,566
13 Malaysia 28,964
14 New Zealand 27,161
15 Japan 26,768
16 France 23,569
17 Austria 23,515
18 Canada 21,780
19 Norway 20,022
20 South Africa 19,202

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach