Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 383,279
2 Australia 118,173
3 Sweden 113,815
4 Netherlands 108,089
5 United States 75,779
6 China 74,232
7 Germany 73,610
8 Finland 44,898
9 Brazil 42,680
10 Denmark 37,351
11 Indonesia 33,695
12 Italy 31,721
13 Japan 25,854
14 New Zealand 25,398
15 Malaysia 23,646
16 Norway 23,419
17 France 23,109
18 Austria 22,300
19 Canada 20,824
20 Switzerland 18,527

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach