Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 436,511
2 Australia 150,809
3 Netherlands 113,883
4 Sweden 107,749
5 China 90,287
6 Germany 85,555
7 United States 81,742
8 Malaysia 52,234
9 Finland 50,068
10 Indonesia 47,125
11 Brazil 44,416
12 Denmark 37,285
13 Italy 33,436
14 New Zealand 31,581
15 Japan 28,044
16 France 25,194
17 Austria 24,412
18 Canada 21,694
19 South Africa 21,075
20 Norway 18,005

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach