Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 813,165
2 United Kingdom 285,855
3 United States 226,465
4 Australia 98,545
5 Hong Kong 55,712
6 Netherlands 36,297
7 Canada 36,036
8 Malaysia 34,790
9 Germany 33,420
10 Japan 31,067
11 Indonesia 30,214
12 Turkey 24,742
13 South Korea 24,627
14 France 19,740
15 Taiwan 18,025
16 Italy 16,551
17 India 15,950
18 South Africa 14,234
19 Singapore 14,091
20 Thailand 13,105

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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