Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 93,964
2 United Kingdom 16,023
3 China 13,817
4 South Korea 11,198
5 Turkey 11,153
6 Spain 10,808
7 Australia 7,658
8 Colombia 7,036
9 Mexico 6,913
10 Canada 6,311
11 Brazil 6,141
12 Italy 5,629
13 Taiwan 5,365
14 Thailand 5,236
15 Egypt 5,065
16 Germany 4,978
17 France 4,797
18 Japan 4,299
19 Hong Kong 3,880
20 India 3,206

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach