Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 151,436
2 United States 117,188
3 China 108,972
4 Germany 52,103
5 Australia 34,313
6 Netherlands 31,280
7 Italy 20,167
8 Taiwan 18,101
9 France 17,081
10 Canada 16,570
11 India 16,021
12 Indonesia 14,777
13 Switzerland 12,806
14 Malaysia 10,829
15 Japan 10,785
16 Belgium 10,688
17 South Korea 9,385
18 Turkey 8,995
19 Hong Kong 8,343
20 Spain 8,242

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach