Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 147,226
2 United States 115,168
3 China 102,729
4 Germany 55,551
5 Australia 33,168
6 Netherlands 31,769
7 Taiwan 20,731
8 Italy 18,780
9 Canada 16,826
10 France 16,228
11 Indonesia 15,818
12 India 15,601
13 Switzerland 12,332
14 Malaysia 12,264
15 Japan 10,733
16 Belgium 9,701
17 South Korea 9,257
18 Turkey 8,739
19 Spain 7,918
20 South Africa 7,795

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach