Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 86,880
2 China 59,825
3 United States 29,984
4 Australia 20,751
5 Netherlands 17,840
6 Malaysia 16,919
7 Indonesia 16,653
8 Germany 11,786
9 India 11,395
10 Taiwan 9,456
11 Turkey 8,811
12 France 5,609
13 Canada 5,282
14 Thailand 5,121
15 South Korea 4,884
16 Pakistan 4,757
17 South Africa 4,709
18 Russia 4,639
19 Italy 4,431
20 Sweden 4,022

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach