Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 488,879
2 China 283,566
3 United Kingdom 143,593
4 Italy 95,026
5 Japan 82,180
6 Germany 73,596
7 Australia 62,925
8 Canada 60,937
9 France 59,849
10 South Korea 52,348
11 Switzerland 52,151
12 Taiwan 46,849
13 Netherlands 46,331
14 Brazil 42,591
15 Turkey 40,809
16 Spain 34,025
17 Thailand 23,366
18 Mexico 23,021
19 Belgium 22,601
20 Iran 18,924

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach