Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 179,346
2 China 67,696
3 United Kingdom 57,523
4 Australia 32,231
5 Canada 22,305
6 Germany 20,320
7 India 19,811
8 Netherlands 13,586
9 South Korea 13,027
10 Brazil 12,180
11 Turkey 9,866
12 France 9,252
13 Italy 9,133
14 Malaysia 8,174
15 South Africa 8,058
16 Norway 8,056
17 Taiwan 7,932
18 Thailand 7,504
19 Japan 7,346
20 Spain 7,145

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach