Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Australia 225,797
2 United States 214,562
3 United Kingdom 115,337
4 China 41,651
5 Canada 38,024
6 Sweden 18,905
7 Turkey 14,309
8 Netherlands 13,899
9 Ireland 13,205
10 Norway 12,824
11 New Zealand 12,707
12 South Korea 12,483
13 Italy 12,264
14 Taiwan 11,509
15 Brazil 11,440
16 Spain 10,886
17 Japan 9,696
18 Thailand 9,062
19 Switzerland 8,212
20 Germany 7,270

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach