Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 156,380
2 China 101,920
3 Taiwan 41,794
4 Japan 35,771
5 United Kingdom 34,861
6 Australia 25,021
7 Turkey 20,041
8 Canada 19,854
9 Italy 19,215
10 India 18,170
11 South Korea 16,309
12 France 15,507
13 Germany 14,606
14 Spain 14,258
15 Netherlands 12,626
16 Iran 12,459
17 Thailand 12,286
18 Poland 10,549
19 Brazil 10,401
20 Russia 10,302

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach