Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 143,786
2 China 99,379
3 Taiwan 45,202
4 Japan 34,091
5 United Kingdom 30,578
6 Australia 22,311
7 Italy 21,123
8 Turkey 19,531
9 Canada 18,246
10 India 17,421
11 South Korea 15,677
12 Germany 14,881
13 France 14,722
14 Spain 14,137
15 Iran 12,546
16 Thailand 12,028
17 Netherlands 11,888
18 Brazil 11,484
19 Mexico 10,770
20 Russia 10,316

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach