Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 33,825
2 China 16,063
3 Turkey 10,125
4 Japan 5,568
5 South Korea 4,976
6 United Kingdom 4,966
7 Taiwan 4,168
8 Australia 3,540
9 Canada 3,293
10 Spain 3,137
11 India 3,093
12 Germany 2,750
13 Thailand 2,611
14 Iran 2,482
15 Italy 2,180
16 France 1,789
17 Russia 1,750
18 Colombia 1,739
19 Netherlands 1,568
20 Brazil 1,447

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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