Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 419,712
2 United States 267,895
3 India 182,045
4 Brazil 115,275
5 South Korea 85,485
6 Japan 80,437
7 United Kingdom 78,747
8 Germany 58,014
9 Thailand 57,278
10 Taiwan 52,994
11 Turkey 52,917
12 Russia 49,225
13 France 39,231
14 Canada 39,069
15 Australia 37,764
16 Italy 36,855
17 Iran 35,285
18 Poland 34,795
19 Mexico 31,269
20 Spain 29,807

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach