Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 782,528
2 United States 158,056
3 India 135,490
4 United Kingdom 59,231
5 Turkey 52,620
6 Brazil 43,317
7 Mexico 36,377
8 Canada 33,887
9 Australia 29,387
10 South Korea 28,347
11 Taiwan 25,892
12 Iran 25,610
13 Japan 25,456
14 Thailand 24,061
15 Pakistan 23,347
16 Italy 22,782
17 Malaysia 22,712
18 Spain 22,455
19 Germany 21,051
20 France 19,988

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach