Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 808,541
2 United States 164,487
3 India 158,434
4 United Kingdom 58,049
5 Turkey 55,832
6 Brazil 44,373
7 Mexico 38,824
8 Canada 34,861
9 Taiwan 30,782
10 Australia 29,821
11 Iran 28,590
12 South Korea 27,970
13 Malaysia 27,437
14 Thailand 26,850
15 Japan 25,461
16 Pakistan 25,324
17 Italy 23,633
18 Germany 22,433
19 France 20,953
20 Spain 20,566

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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