Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 823,388
2 India 174,745
3 United States 167,994
4 Turkey 59,766
5 United Kingdom 56,273
6 Brazil 44,667
7 Malaysia 38,954
8 Taiwan 37,618
9 Mexico 37,422
10 Canada 35,269
11 South Korea 28,403
12 Australia 28,235
13 Japan 27,108
14 Thailand 27,086
15 Iran 26,373
16 Pakistan 25,760
17 France 24,622
18 Italy 24,314
19 Germany 23,349
20 Spain 21,012

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach