Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,363,620
2 United States 249,184
3 South Korea 88,034
4 United Kingdom 86,247
5 Brazil 75,073
6 Canada 68,884
7 Japan 61,750
8 Australia 58,084
9 India 56,302
10 Thailand 51,053
11 Taiwan 50,925
12 Turkey 49,048
13 Malaysia 45,788
14 France 37,189
15 Spain 34,718
16 Italy 30,996
17 Mexico 26,545
18 Colombia 24,407
19 Germany 24,054
20 Pakistan 22,021

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach