Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,155,762
2 United States 235,269
3 South Korea 79,416
4 United Kingdom 78,101
5 Brazil 73,939
6 Canada 63,245
7 Thailand 62,543
8 India 56,576
9 Japan 56,443
10 Australia 55,481
11 Malaysia 48,261
12 Taiwan 47,795
13 Turkey 46,247
14 France 35,633
15 Mexico 32,975
16 Spain 31,521
17 Italy 27,751
18 Germany 26,184
19 Iran 26,138
20 Colombia 25,313

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach