Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 135,539
2 Spain 51,489
3 Canada 28,577
4 Algeria 21,674
5 United States 16,462
6 Belgium 16,167
7 China 13,268
8 Switzerland 9,644
9 Tunisia 7,622
10 Lebanon 6,614
11 United Kingdom 5,687
12 Australia 5,244
13 Morocco 4,398
14 Brazil 2,685
15 Germany 2,332
16 Turkey 1,753
17 Taiwan 1,722
18 Mexico 1,477
19 Sweden 1,401
20 Réunion 1,045

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach