Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,232,837
2 United States 277,852
3 India 147,070
4 Brazil 136,703
5 Japan 131,260
6 South Korea 81,199
7 Thailand 78,685
8 United Kingdom 70,315
9 Spain 69,749
10 Taiwan 68,381
11 Turkey 65,129
12 Italy 62,707
13 Australia 61,253
14 Canada 60,560
15 France 58,212
16 Germany 49,501
17 Pakistan 49,441
18 Mexico 46,005
19 Poland 39,862
20 Russia 36,341

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach