Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,007,735
2 United States 270,081
3 India 151,990
4 Brazil 127,529
5 Japan 122,746
6 Thailand 87,225
7 South Korea 74,339
8 United Kingdom 65,204
9 Taiwan 63,775
10 Spain 61,205
11 Australia 57,131
12 Italy 56,765
13 France 55,374
14 Germany 54,745
15 Canada 54,627
16 Turkey 54,326
17 Mexico 48,806
18 Russia 46,417
19 Pakistan 40,862
20 Poland 39,218

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach