Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 52,370
2 China 48,879
3 United Kingdom 14,396
4 Japan 9,843
5 Australia 8,103
6 Italy 7,646
7 India 7,450
8 South Korea 7,050
9 Canada 6,955
10 Turkey 6,917
11 Brazil 6,586
12 Russia 6,429
13 Taiwan 6,300
14 Mexico 6,156
15 Netherlands 5,532
16 France 5,433
17 Germany 5,380
18 Thailand 4,660
19 Switzerland 3,915
20 Colombia 3,658

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach