Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 52,384
2 China 49,901
3 United Kingdom 14,254
4 India 10,114
5 Japan 9,843
6 Australia 8,481
7 South Korea 7,825
8 Italy 7,356
9 Canada 7,186
10 Turkey 6,304
11 Brazil 6,141
12 Taiwan 6,058
13 Russia 5,990
14 Mexico 5,566
15 Netherlands 5,524
16 France 5,069
17 Germany 4,914
18 Thailand 4,110
19 Switzerland 4,030
20 Spain 3,364

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach