Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 114,757
2 United Kingdom 102,220
3 China 82,765
4 India 51,541
5 Australia 33,916
6 Brazil 26,921
7 Thailand 25,864
8 South Africa 25,300
9 Canada 24,019
10 Netherlands 23,494
11 Germany 22,120
12 Turkey 18,956
13 Malaysia 17,460
14 Italy 16,615
15 Indonesia 13,888
16 Mexico 13,519
17 Spain 13,210
18 Japan 13,097
19 France 12,732
20 Sweden 12,629

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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