Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 94,524
2 China 32,906
3 United Kingdom 23,144
4 Australia 13,737
5 Japan 12,186
6 Canada 10,457
7 South Korea 7,687
8 Turkey 7,121
9 Italy 6,316
10 Netherlands 5,802
11 Thailand 5,781
12 Colombia 5,680
13 Germany 5,153
14 Taiwan 4,948
15 France 4,450
16 Spain 3,627
17 Egypt 3,626
18 Mexico 3,549
19 Brazil 3,410
20 Switzerland 3,213

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach