Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 95,545
2 China 37,273
3 United Kingdom 28,342
4 Australia 16,762
5 Japan 15,139
6 Canada 12,332
7 South Korea 8,781
8 Turkey 8,284
9 Italy 7,329
10 Netherlands 6,632
11 Colombia 5,486
12 France 5,418
13 Thailand 5,350
14 Germany 5,188
15 Taiwan 4,768
16 Spain 4,120
17 Brazil 3,856
18 Russia 3,823
19 Egypt 3,812
20 Switzerland 3,746

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach