Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 22,627
2 China 7,392
3 India 3,293
4 Japan 3,067
5 Australia 2,632
6 Germany 2,631
7 United Kingdom 2,621
8 Canada 2,055
9 Italy 1,716
10 South Korea 1,515
11 Poland 1,494
12 Spain 1,224
13 Switzerland 1,219
14 Netherlands 1,150
15 Taiwan 1,031
16 France 931
17 Turkey 908
18 Russia 886
19 Brazil 694
20 Mexico 643

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach