Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 883,470
2 China 418,092
3 United Kingdom 241,005
4 Japan 167,219
5 Canada 116,049
6 Germany 105,431
7 Italy 104,369
8 South Korea 94,450
9 Australia 92,829
10 France 72,883
11 Spain 59,720
12 Netherlands 53,583
13 Taiwan 46,057
14 Switzerland 42,991
15 Brazil 37,458
16 Belgium 32,395
17 Sweden 30,796
18 Turkey 28,607
19 India 25,376
20 Israel 25,160

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach