Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 891,288
2 China 396,263
3 United Kingdom 232,626
4 Japan 158,959
5 Canada 119,467
6 Germany 110,819
7 Italy 102,692
8 South Korea 89,868
9 Australia 88,095
10 France 75,996
11 Spain 58,221
12 Netherlands 52,753
13 Taiwan 47,864
14 Brazil 42,104
15 Switzerland 40,537
16 Sweden 30,935
17 Belgium 30,154
18 Turkey 26,020
19 Israel 24,646
20 Mexico 24,319

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach