Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 336,906
2 United States 193,493
3 Turkey 86,173
4 India 84,510
5 South Korea 79,866
6 Brazil 77,139
7 Thailand 74,744
8 Japan 66,950
9 United Kingdom 66,299
10 Russia 49,995
11 France 46,385
12 Malaysia 45,098
13 Canada 39,725
14 Germany 36,187
15 Australia 33,140
16 Taiwan 33,132
17 Poland 30,292
18 Italy 29,840
19 Mexico 28,527
20 Spain 21,310

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach