Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 367,080
2 United States 198,024
3 Turkey 98,351
4 South Korea 89,852
5 Japan 73,424
6 United Kingdom 70,168
7 Brazil 68,342
8 India 64,857
9 Thailand 50,280
10 France 48,489
11 Russia 42,598
12 Malaysia 40,305
13 Australia 35,339
14 Canada 33,073
15 Germany 32,065
16 Italy 31,907
17 Poland 30,948
18 Taiwan 28,212
19 Spain 24,368
20 Mexico 22,069

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach