Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 352,369
2 United States 199,790
3 Turkey 88,246
4 South Korea 84,509
5 Brazil 76,168
6 India 72,160
7 Japan 68,258
8 United Kingdom 66,386
9 Thailand 62,474
10 Russia 47,823
11 France 46,442
12 Malaysia 39,744
13 Germany 34,405
14 Australia 34,146
15 Canada 33,075
16 Italy 31,599
17 Taiwan 30,445
18 Poland 30,283
19 Mexico 24,621
20 Spain 22,384

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach