Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 340,404
2 United States 187,210
3 India 104,028
4 Turkey 84,342
5 Thailand 82,483
6 South Korea 80,499
7 Brazil 78,387
8 Japan 67,554
9 United Kingdom 65,400
10 Russia 50,906
11 Malaysia 50,569
12 France 47,751
13 Canada 38,841
14 Germany 38,163
15 Taiwan 37,495
16 Australia 32,880
17 Poland 31,029
18 Italy 29,242
19 Mexico 28,814
20 Spain 21,025

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach