Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,217,642
2 China 545,552
3 United States 515,130
4 Australia 374,669
5 Netherlands 259,133
6 Malaysia 239,686
7 Indonesia 201,309
8 Taiwan 198,050
9 Turkey 178,199
10 Germany 173,042
11 South Korea 146,458
12 India 143,128
13 France 123,828
14 Sweden 112,019
15 Canada 110,398
16 Italy 105,458
17 Portugal 87,365
18 Thailand 84,361
19 South Africa 78,145
20 Spain 73,832

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach