Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 726,055
2 China 328,873
3 United States 201,231
4 Australia 190,261
5 Netherlands 138,570
6 Germany 111,064
7 Denmark 63,782
8 Sweden 59,056
9 Malaysia 54,589
10 Turkey 53,126
11 India 50,477
12 Canada 49,139
13 New Zealand 48,744
14 Taiwan 46,839
15 Indonesia 46,564
16 Italy 46,485
17 South Korea 44,431
18 Spain 42,056
19 Brazil 41,786
20 Austria 41,529

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach