Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,289,612
2 United States 704,499
3 United Kingdom 211,525
4 Australia 157,773
5 Netherlands 109,099
6 Canada 105,800
7 India 103,027
8 Germany 94,320
9 Taiwan 84,690
10 Japan 82,739
11 South Korea 81,854
12 Turkey 67,689
13 Hong Kong 57,505
14 Italy 47,173
15 Brazil 46,955
16 France 44,846
17 Malaysia 41,603
18 Switzerland 35,297
19 Singapore 34,562
20 Spain 32,442

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach