Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 401,164
2 China 373,659
3 United States 363,521
4 Australia 177,376
5 Netherlands 128,430
6 Canada 93,504
7 Germany 62,388
8 Sweden 53,782
9 Turkey 51,791
10 Brazil 43,907
11 South Korea 43,201
12 Malaysia 43,162
13 India 42,007
14 Hong Kong 40,719
15 Japan 39,390
16 Spain 38,326
17 Taiwan 38,316
18 Thailand 38,226
19 Italy 37,919
20 France 37,430

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach