Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 337,430
2 United States 310,718
3 China 252,062
4 Australia 160,308
5 Netherlands 97,203
6 Canada 74,067
7 Germany 64,142
8 Sweden 46,441
9 Malaysia 43,908
10 Brazil 43,545
11 India 36,573
12 Thailand 35,716
13 Turkey 35,366
14 Taiwan 35,362
15 France 31,984
16 Indonesia 31,440
17 Spain 31,365
18 Italy 29,413
19 Belgium 28,717
20 Russia 28,398

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach