Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 390,453
2 China 278,657
3 United Kingdom 150,646
4 Japan 87,261
5 Australia 73,984
6 Canada 67,759
7 France 66,365
8 Germany 56,499
9 South Korea 49,402
10 India 42,651
11 Brazil 42,158
12 Mexico 41,969
13 Spain 36,528
14 Norway 36,203
15 Russia 26,513
16 Portugal 24,583
17 Italy 23,212
18 Taiwan 20,250
19 Netherlands 19,725
20 Thailand 19,351

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach