Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 603,303
2 United Kingdom 477,992
3 United States 447,751
4 Australia 173,464
5 Netherlands 155,977
6 Canada 122,954
7 Germany 77,927
8 Hong Kong 65,093
9 Sweden 62,088
10 South Korea 55,772
11 Japan 53,563
12 Brazil 51,584
13 Turkey 45,696
14 Belgium 42,190
15 Spain 41,091
16 France 38,959
17 Italy 38,903
18 India 36,943
19 Taiwan 36,712
20 South Africa 35,299

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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